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 in St.Petersburg: November 17, 2017; 11:09pm (GMT+4). Search:
 History Illustrated history of St. Petersburg: Page 3 


When in the 16th century Novgorod was subdued by Moscow, the lands along the Neva River became part of the centralized Russian state, Muscovite Russia. However, at the beginning of the 17th century serious unrest started in Russia, after the last tsar of the Ryurik dynasty, Feodor Ioannovich (the son of Ivan the Terrible), had died leaving no heirs to the throne. The new ruler, Vasily Shuisky, invited the Swedes to fight on his side. The Swedes realized how weak Russia was, and decided to occupy a significant portion of North-Western Russia instead. Even after the new Romanov dynasty had been established in 1613, Russia had to admit some territorial losses. A new border between Russia and Sweden was set by the Stolbovo Treaty of 1617. For the remainder of the century the Neva River area became a part of Sweden, and the Swedes effectively cut off Russia from the Baltic trade.


By the end of the 17th century this situation could no longer be tolerated. Peter the Great was keen on regaining access to the Baltic Sea and establishing strong ties with the West. In the hope of achieving these goals he had started the Northern War with Sweden (1700-1721). In 1703 the Russians gained control over the Neva river and on May 16, 1703 (May 27 by the modern calendar) St.Petersburg was founded.

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