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City news, 29.08.2007 13:20
To Investigate Last Czar's DeathProsecutors announced Friday that they have reopened an investigation into the deaths of the last Russian czar and his family nearly 90 years ago after an archaeologist reported that he may have found the missing remains of Nicholas II's son and heir to the throne.
The announcement of the reopened investigation signaled the government might be taking seriously the claims made Thursday by Yekaterinburg researcher Sergei Pogorelov.
In comments broadcast on NTV, Pogorelov said bones found in a burned area of ground near Yekaterinburg belong to a boy and a young woman roughly the ages of Nicholas' 13-year-old hemophiliac son, Alexei, and a daughter whose remains also never have been found.
Yekaterinburg is the Urals Mountain city where Czar Nicholas II, his wife, Alexandra, and their five children were held prisoner by the communists and then shot in 1918.
If confirmed, the find would fill in a missing chapter in the story of the doomed Romanovs, whose reign was ended by the violent 1917 Bolshevik Revolution that ushered in more than 70 years of Communist Party rule.
The find comes almost a decade after remains identified as those of Nicholas and Alexandra and three of their daughters were reburied in a ceremony in the imperial-era capital of St. Petersburg.
That ceremony, however, was shadowed by questions raised by the Russian Orthodox Church and others about the authenticity of the remains.
On Friday, a church official voiced what appeared to skepticism about the latest find.
"I have quite serious doubts about these remains. As of today, the most likely (scenario) is that the remains of the czar's family were destroyed by the Bolsheviks," Bishop Mark of Yegoryevsk, deputy head of the Moscow Patriarchate's External Church Relations department, said on Channel One television.
Pogorelov, an archaeologist at a regional center for the preservation of historical and cultural monuments in Yekaterinburg, said the spot where the remains were found appears to correspond to a site in a written description by Yakov Yurovsky, leader of the family's killers.
"An anthropologist has determined that the bones belong to two young individuals - a young male he found was aged roughly 10-13 and a young woman about 18-23," he told NTV television by telephone.
Nicholas II abdicated in 1917 as revolutionary fervor swept Russia, and he and his family were detained. The next year, they were sent to Yekaterinburg, where a Bolshevik firing squad executed them July 17, 1918.
Historians say guards shot the royal family and four attendants in the basement of a nobleman's house. The bodies were then loaded onto a truck and initially dumped in a mine shaft but were later moved, according to most accounts.
The Bolsheviks mutilated and hid the bodies because they did not want the remains, especially Alexei's, to become a shrine or rallying point for anti-Bolshevik forces.
Parts of the bodies were exhumed in 1991 - the year the Soviet Union broke up apart - and reburied in St. Petersburg in 1998. But two sets of remains weren't found then: those of Alexei and a daughter scientists believe was Maria.
The Russian Orthodox Church canonized the full royal family as martyrs in 2000. But the church - citing the two missing corpses and questions over whether the bones were actually those of the royal family - chose to scale down its participation in the 1998 ceremony.
According to NTV, a 1934 report based on Yurovsky's words indicated the bodies of nine victims were doused with sulfuric acid and buried along a road, while those of Alexei and a sister were burned and left in a pit nearby.
Experts will conduct molecular and other tests on the new remains, Nikolai Nevolin, a Yekaterinburg regional forensics scientist, said in televised comments Friday.
A representative of the Romanovs, the family whose dynasty was ended by the Bolshevik Revolution, urged caution.
"I will be deeply happy if the remains of (Alexei) and Maria have really been found, but it is always necessary to treat such epochal events with caution," Nikolai Romanov, identified by Channel One as the head of the family, told the station by telephone from Switzerland.
News source: forbes.com
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