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 in St.Petersburg: December 17, 2017; 1:51pm (GMT+4). Search:
 History Illustrated history of St. Petersburg: Page 7 


Meanwhile the city was experiencing a short decline. For a short period (in the late 1720s) the royal court was moved back to Moscow. Many of nobility members and merchants, forced by Peter the Great to move to St. Petersburg, now chose to leave the city. The city was fully revived only when Peter's daughter Elizabeth became Empress in 1741. Elizabethan St. Petersburg became a lively European capital and its population reached 150 thousand.

Daughter of Peter the Great

During the reign of Elizabeth, the daughter of Peter the Great, St. Petersburg finally became a true European capital. At the beginning of this period fine buildings stood right next to ugly huts.


After 20 years of Elizabeth's reign, St. Petersburg and its suburbs could rival the most beautiful European cities. The Imperial splendor of St. Petersburg was best reflected in the suburban royal residences. Map of Saint-Petersburg 1737 year Peter the Great's estate Peterhof was remodelled by Bartolomeo Rastrelli, the architect of the Winter Palace and the Smolny Cathedral. The Grand Palace and the Grand Cascade of Peterhof were decorated with extreme luxury. That was typical for Elizabeth's time, since her court was big and overly expensive for the country's purse. The Ekaterininsky (Catherine's) Palace in Tsarskoye Selo (Pushkin), which once used to belong to Peter the Great's wife Catherine, was now turned into a magnificent royal residence with a vast and elaborate Baroque garden.

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